Arteries bring oxygenated blood from your heart to your muscles and organs. Peripheral arterial diseases occur in various forms that damage the arteries. The most common types of peripheral arterial disease include blood clots or calcium that block blood flow and prevent oxygen from reaching tissue. This can cause pain, sores, or even dead tissue that can lead to strokes and heart attacks.
Some patients experience pain or heaviness in their legs while walking, which prevents them from enjoying their lives. But only a small number of people will experience these more extreme and painful symptoms. Treatment is typically performed in an outpatient setting without general anesthesia.
When a blood clot suddenly blocks blood flow, a treatment known as a thrombectomy will remove the clot from the body using various medical tools that can draw out, pull out, or vaporize the clot. The method chosen depends on the preference of the physician and the location of the clot.
Angioplasty uses inflatable devices called balloons to open up narrowed arteries. Various types of balloons are used in different situations, including balloons that stretch arteries open, metal-edged balloons that cut and break up calcium deposits, and drug-coated balloons that can prevent scarring and future narrowing of the artery.
Stenting uses small metal tubes to hold open narrowed arteries that are closing. Various types of stents are used, including two main categories: bare metal and drug-eluting.